Dyscalculic and Non-dyscalculic Children: A Study of Self Perception and Perception of Teachers

 

Report Code: PI150011

No. of Pages: 53 pages

Price (Single User): $0.00

 

By: Kumar Sanjeev

Published Date: 07/Nov/2016

 

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Education&Media Editor

Education&Media Editor

Children with learning disabilities especially Dyscalculic Children may judge themselves as “stupid,” “slow” or “dumb” based on academic comparisons with other children. These self judgments are often global in nature such that a child who is having difficulty at school may perceive themselves negatively in all areas of their development. Children who are diagnosed with learning disabilities have likely been having difficulty in the school for many years before the actual diagnosis.

Learning disable children have often spent many years struggling in school and feeling “stupid.” They have likely felt confused, discouraged and hopeless as their efforts do not produce a desire result. Some learning disabled children become immobilized by failure and develop “learned helpless”, and attitude of “why bother when I always fail?” It is our job to help children undo these negative self-evaluations and see themselves in a realistic light.

Dyscalculia i.e., mathematical disability is a specific learning disability involving innate difficulty in learning or comprehending arithmetic. It is akin to dyslexia and includes difficulty in understanding numbers, learning how to manipulate numbers, learning math’s facts, and a number of other related symptoms.  Mathematical disabilities can also occur as the result of some types of brain injury, in which case the proper term is acalculia, to distinguish it from dyscalculia which is of innate, genetic or developmental origin.

Although mathematical learning difficulties occur in children with low IQ but dyscalculia occurs in people across the whole IQ ranges and sufferers often, but not always, also have difficulties with time, measurement, and spatial reasoning.  Estimates of the prevalence of dyscalculia range between 3 and 6% of the population. The earliest symptom of dyscalculia to appear is a deficit in subitizing. Subitizing is the ability to know, from a brief glance and without counting, how many objects there are in a small group.

Objectives

1.   To study the self perception of Dyscalculic children

2.   To study the self perception of Non-dyscalculic children

3.   To compare self perception of Dyscalculic and Non-dyscalculic children

4.   To study the teacher’s rating of Dyscalculic children’s perception

5.   To study the teacher’s rating of Non-dyscalculic children’s Perception

6.   To correlate the self-perception of Dyscalculic children and their Teachers

7.   To correlate the self-perception of Non-dyscalculic children and their    Teachers

The study of learning disabilities (especially the children suffering from Dyscalculia) children is perhaps one of the most controversial heterogeneous dynamic and significant areas in special education. The field of learning disabilities is the newest category of special education. It is growing very fast especially in the developed country. Although sample has been taken from five schools of Patna (india),the finding of this study might by helpful to the regular teacher or special educator anywhere. It is found that children who show retardation in learning in different areas due to various intrinsic and extrinsic factors but if they are instructed properly and understood their problems clearly their full potential can be realized more so like normal. It is hoped that this study given adequate direction  for the preparation of educational instruction or suitable training for self perception of learning disabled children which facilitate their education and personality development in order to achieve the optimum level of socialization and successful rehabilitation.

The present investigation was conducted mainly to see the self perception and ratings teacher perception of especially dyscalculic children and non dyscalculic children in the school of Patna (India). This study aimed only at the four major fields of self perception i.e. cognitive aspect, physical aspect, social aspect and general self worth aspect. In order to solve the above purpose, a representative sample of population was obtained.